Bar’chu et YHVH ha-m’vorach, Baruch YHVH ha-m’vorach l’O’lam va-ed!
Baruch ata YHVH Eloheinu melech ha-olam asher bachar banu m’kol ha-amim, v’na-tan lanu eht Torah-to. Baruch atah YHVH, noteyn ha-Torah. Ameyn.”
(Bless YHVH the blessed One; Blessed is YHVH, the blessed One for all eternity. Blessed are you, YHVH, our Elohim, King of the Universe, you have selected us from among all the peoples, and have given us your Torah.)
This is the last part of the last parashah (portion) for the book of Shemot we call Exodus – Pekudei.
It is possibly more significant than we realize that this final portion is dedicated to the priestly garments and the various components of the Tabernacle that are directly part of the priestly environment and function. The priests were called by YHVH and not man. The priests were called to bring all those whom YHVH had called and chosen to full maturity and thus bring restoration to those Jews and gentiles who flee from mixture and idolatry and survive YHVH’s end time judgment.
In this final Torah portion the refrain “ all YHVH commanded they did” (or something similar) is repeated some 18 times. Perhaps never before, and never again until Yahshua returns, would the nation as a whole function in such an obedient way.
Exo 39:1 And of the blue and purple and scarlet material they made woven garments, to do service in the set-apart place. And they made the set-apart garments which were for Aharon, as יהוה had commanded Mosheh.
Exo 39:2 And he made the shoulder garment of gold, of blue and purple and scarlet material, and of fine woven linen.
Exo 39:3 And they beat out sheets of gold and cut it into threads, to work it in with the blue and purple and scarlet material, and the fine linen, the work of a skilled workman.
Exo 39:4 They made shoulder pieces for it to join it, it was joined at its two edges.
Exo 39:5 And the embroidered band of his shoulder garment that was on it was of the same work of gold, and blue and purple and scarlet material, and of fine woven linen, as יהוה had commanded Mosheh.
Exo 39:6 And they made the shoham stones, set in plated work of gold, engraved as signets are engraved, according to the names of the sons of Yisra’ĕl.
Exo 39:7 And he put them on the shoulders of the shoulder garment, stones of remembrance for the sons of Yisra’ĕl, as יהוה had commanded Mosheh.
Exo 39:8 And he made the breastplate, a work of a skilled workman, like the work of the shoulder garment, of gold, of blue and purple and scarlet material, and of fine woven linen.
Exo 39:9 It was square, they made the breastplate double, its length a span, its width a span, doubled.
Exo 39:10 And they filled it with four rows of stones: a row of ruby, a topaz, and an emerald was the first row;
Exo 39:11 and the second row a turquoise, a sapphire, and a diamond;
Exo 39:12 and the third row a jacinth, an agate, and an amethyst;
Exo 39:13 and the fourth row a beryl, a shoham, and a jasper – set in plated work of gold in their settings.
Exo 39:14 And the stones were according to the names of the sons of Yisra’ĕl, twelve according to their names, engraved like a signet, each one with its own name according to the twelve tribes.
Exo 39:15 And they made braided chains of corded work for the breastplate at the ends, of clean gold.
Exo 39:16 And they made two settings of gold and two gold rings, and put the two rings on the two ends of the breastplate.
Exo 39:17 And they put the two cords of gold in the two rings on the ends of the breastplate.
Exo 39:18 And the two ends of the two cords they fastened in the two settings, and put them on the shoulder pieces of the shoulder garment in the front.
Exo 39:19 And they made two rings of gold and put them on the two ends of the breastplate, on the edge of it, which was on the inward side of the shoulder garment.
Exo 39:20 And they made two gold rings and put them on the two shoulder pieces, underneath the shoulder garment, on the front of it, close to its seam above the embroidered band of the shoulder garment.
Exo 39:21 And they bound the breastplate by means of its rings to the rings of the shoulder garment with a blue cord, so that it would be above the embroidered band of the shoulder garment, and that the breastplate would not come loose from the shoulder garment, as יהוה had commanded Mosheh.
Exo 39:22 And he made the robe of the shoulder garment of woven work, all of blue.
Exo 39:23 And the opening of the robe was in the middle, like the opening in a scaled armour, with a woven binding all around the opening, so that it would not tear.
Exo 39:24 And they made on the hem of the robe pomegranates of blue and purple and scarlet material, twined.
Exo 39:25 And they made bells of clean gold, and put the bells between the pomegranates on the hem of the robe all around between the pomegranates:
Exo 39:26 a bell and a pomegranate, a bell and a pomegranate, all around the hem of the robe, for the service, as יהוה had commanded Mosheh.
Exo 39:27 And they made the long shirt of fine linen, the work of a weaver, for Aharon and his sons,
Exo 39:28 and a turban of fine linen, and the turban ornaments of fine linen, and short trousers of fine woven linen,
Exo 39:29 and a girdle of fine woven linen with blue and purple and scarlet material, the work of an embroiderer, as יהוה had commanded Mosheh.
Exo 39:30 And they made the plate of the set-apart sign of dedication of clean gold, and wrote on it an inscription like the engraving of a signet: SET-APARTNESS TO יהוה.
Exo 39:31 And they put on it a blue cord, to fasten it above on the turban, as יהוה had commanded Mosheh.
Exo 39:32 And all the work of the Dwelling Place of the Tent of Meeting was completed. And the children of Yisra’ĕl did according to all that יהוה had commanded Mosheh, so they did.
Exo 39:33 And they brought the Dwelling Place to Mosheh, the tent and all its furnishings, its hooks, its boards, its bars, and its columns, and its sockets,
Exo 39:34 and the covering of rams’ skins dyed red, and the covering of fine leather, and the veil of the covering,
Exo 39:35 the ark of the Witness with its poles, and the lid of atonement,
Exo 39:36 the table, and all its utensils, and the showbread,
Exo 39:37 the clean lampstand with its lamps, the lamps to be put in order, and all its utensils, and the oil for light,
Exo 39:38 and the altar of gold, and the anointing oil, and the sweet incense, and the covering for the Tent door,
Exo 39:39 the bronze altar and its bronze grating, its poles, and all its utensils, the basin with its stand,
Exo 39:40 the screens of the courtyard, its columns and its sockets, the covering for the courtyard gate, its cords, and its pegs, and all the utensils for the service of the Dwelling Place, for the Tent of Meeting,
Exo 39:41 the woven garments, to do service in the set-apart place: the set-apart garments for Aharon the priest, and his sons’ garments, to serve as priests.
Exo 39:42 According to all that יהוה had commanded Mosheh, so the children of Yisra’ĕl did all the work.
Exo 39:43 And Mosheh looked over all the work and saw they did it as יהוה had commanded, so they had done. And Mosheh blessed them.
Exo 40:1 And יהוה spoke to Mosheh, saying,
Exo 40:2 “On the first day of the first month, you are to raise up the Dwelling Place of the Tent of Meeting,
Exo 40:3 and shall put in it the ark of the Witness, and screen the ark with the veil.
Exo 40:4 “And you shall bring in the table and arrange what belongs on it, and bring in the lampstand and light its lamps.
Exo 40:5 “And you shall set the altar of gold for the incense before the ark of the Witness, and put up the covering of the door to the Dwelling Place.
Exo 40:6 “And you shall set the altar of the burnt offering before the door of the Dwelling Place of the Tent of Meeting,
Exo 40:7 and shall set the basin between the Tent of Meeting and the altar, and shall put water therein.
Exo 40:8 “And you shall set up the courtyard all around, and shall place the covering of the courtyard gate,
Exo 40:9 and shall take the anointing oil, and anoint the Dwelling Place and all that is in it, and shall set it and all its utensils apart, and it shall be set-apart.
Exo 40:10 “And you shall anoint the altar of the burnt offering and all its utensils, and set the altar apart, and the altar shall be most set-apart.
Exo 40:11 “And you shall anoint the basin and its stand, and set it apart.
Exo 40:12 “And you shall bring Aharon and his sons to the door of the Tent of Meeting and wash them with water.
Exo 40:13 “And you shall put the set-apart garments on Aharon, and anoint him and set him apart to serve as priest to Me.
Exo 40:14 “And you shall bring his sons and put long shirts on them,
Exo 40:15 and shall anoint them, as you anointed their father, and they shall serve as priests to Me. And their anointing shall be for them an everlasting priesthood throughout their generations.”
Exo 40:16 And Mosheh did according to all that יהוה had commanded him, so he did.
Exo 40:17 And it came to be in the first month of the second year, on the first day of the month, that the Dwelling Place was raised up.
Exo 40:18 And Mosheh raised up the Dwelling Place and placed its sockets, and set up its boards, and put in its bars, and raised up its columns,
Exo 40:19 and spread the tent over the Dwelling Place and put the covering of the tent on top of it, as יהוה had commanded Mosheh.
Exo 40:20 And he took the Witness and put it into the ark, and he put the poles through the rings of the ark, and put the lid of atonement on top of the ark,
Exo 40:21 and brought the ark into the Dwelling Place, and placed the veil of the covering to screen off the ark of the Witness, as יהוה had commanded Mosheh.
Exo 40:22 And he put the table in the Tent of Meeting, on the north side of the Dwelling Place, outside the veil,
Exo 40:23 and set the bread in order upon it before יהוה, as יהוה had commanded Mosheh.
Exo 40:24 And he put the lampstand in the Tent of Meeting, opposite the table, on the south side of the Dwelling Place,
Exo 40:25 and lit the lamps before יהוה, as יהוה had commanded Mosheh.
Exo 40:26 And he put the gold altar in the Tent of Meeting in front of the veil,
Exo 40:27 and burned sweet incense on it, as יהוה had commanded Mosheh.
Exo 40:28 And he set up the covering to the door of the Dwelling Place.
Exo 40:29 And he put the altar of burnt offering before the door of the Dwelling Place of the Tent of Meeting, and offered upon it the burnt offering and the grain offering, as יהוה had commanded Mosheh.
Exo 40:30 And he put the basin between the Tent of Meeting and the altar, and put water therein for washing.
Exo 40:31 And Mosheh, and Aharon, and his sons washed their hands and their feet with water from it,
Exo 40:32 as they went into the Tent of Meeting, and as they came near the altar. They would wash, as יהוה had commanded Mosheh.
Exo 40:33 And he raised up the courtyard all around the Dwelling Place and the altar, and placed the covering of the courtyard gate. And Mosheh completed the work.
Exo 40:34 And the cloud covered the Tent of Meeting, and the esteem of יהוה filled the Dwelling Place.
This is the crowning event of Shemot and indeed the entire Torah – YHVH comes to dwell amongst His people.
Exo 40:35 And Mosheh was not able to come into the Tent of Meeting, because the cloud dwelt on it, and the esteem of יהוה filled the Dwelling Place.
Exo 40:36 And when the cloud was taken up from above the Dwelling Place, the children of Yisra’ĕl went onward in all their journeys.
Exo 40:37 But if the cloud was not taken up, then they did not set out till the day that it was taken up.
Exo 40:38 For the cloud of יהוה was on the Dwelling Place by day, and fire was on it by night, before the eyes of all the house of Yisra’ĕl, in all their journeys.
When YHVH’s appointed leaders obey YHVH’s pattern and plan, they cause YHVH’s presence do dwell among them and so restoration (tikkun) can come upon mankind and on this earth – so shall it be just before Messiah returns and shall continue forever and ever.
Joh 14:12 “Truly, truly, I say to you, he who believes in Me, the works that I do he shall do also. And greater works than these he shall do, because I go to My Father.
Joh 14:13 “And whatever you ask in My Name, that I shall do, in order that the Father might be esteemed in the Son.
Joh 14:14 “If you ask whatever in My Name, I shall do it.
Joh 14:15 “If you love Me, you shall guard My commands.1 Footnote: 1See Ex. 20:6, vv. 21&23, 1 John 5:2-3, 2 John v. 6.
Joh 14:16 “And I shall ask the Father, and He shall give you another Helper, to stay with you forever –
Joh 14:17 the Spirit of the Truth, whom the world is unable to receive, because it does not see Him or know Him. But you know Him, for He stays with you and shall be in you.
Joh 14:18 “I shall not leave you orphans – I am coming to you.
Isa 34:1 Come near, you gentiles, to hear. And listen, you people! Let the earth hear, and all that is in it, the world and all its offspring.
Isa 34:2 For the displeasure of יהוה is against all the gentiles1, and His wrath against all their divisions. He shall put them under the ban, He shall give them over to the slaughter, Footnote: 1See footnote Jer. 30:11.
Isa 34:8 For it is the day of the vengeance of יהוה, the year of recompense for the cause of Tsiyon.
Isa 66:16 “For by fire and by His sword יהוה shall judge all flesh, and the slain of יהוה shall be many –
Isa 66:17 those who set themselves apart and cleanse themselves at the gardens after ‘One’ in the midst, eating flesh of pigs1 and the abomination and the mouse, are snatched away, together,” declares יהוה. Footnote: 1See 65:4.
Isa 66:21 “And from them too I shall take for priests – for Lĕwites,” declares יהוה.
Isa 66:22 “For as the new heavens and the new earth that I make stand before Me,” declares יהוה, “so your seed and your name shall stand.
Isa 66:23 “And it shall be that from New Moon to New Moon, and from Sabbath to Sabbath, all flesh shall come to worship before Me,” declares יהוה.
Isa 66:24 “And they shall go forth and look upon the corpses of the men who have transgressed against Me1. For their worm shall not die, and their fire not be quenched. And they shall be repulsive to all flesh!” Footnote: 1See 24:6, 34:2-3, Ps. 110:6, Jer. 25:33.
Eph 2:12 that at that time you were without Messiah, excluded from the citizenship of Yisra’ĕl and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no expectation and without Elohim in the world.
Eph 2:19 So then you are no longer strangers and foreigners, but fellow citizens with the set-apart ones and members of the household of Elohim,1 Footnote: 1Rom. 11:17-24, Isa. 14:1.
Eph 2:20 having been built upon the foundation of the emissaries and prophets, יהושע Messiah Himself being chief corner-stone,
Eph 2:21 in whom all the building, being joined together, grows into a set-apart Dwelling Place in יהוה,
Eph 2:22 in whom you also are being built together into a dwelling of Elohim in the Spirit.
Eph 4:11 And He Himself gave some as emissaries, and some as prophets, and some as evangelists, and some as shepherds and teachers
Eph 4:12 for the perfecting of the set-apart ones, to the work of service to a building up of the body of the Messiah,
Eph 4:13 until we all come to the unity of the belief and of the knowledge of the Son of Elohim, to a perfect man, to the measure of the stature of the completeness of Messiah,
Eph 4:14 so that we should no longer be children, tossed and borne about by every wind of teaching, by the trickery of men, in cleverness, unto the craftiness of leading astray,1 Footnote: 15:6, also 2 Cor. 10:5, 2 Cor. 11:3-14, Gal. 1:6-9, 2 Tim. 3:1-8, 2 Tim. 4:2-4, 2 Peter 2:2-22, Jud. vv. 10-19.
Eph 4:15 but, maintaining the truth in love, we grow up in all respects into Him who is the head, Messiah,
Eph 4:16 from whom the entire body, joined and knit together by what every joint supplies, according to the working by which each part does its share, causes growth of the body for the building up of itself in love.
Eph 4:17 So this I say, and witness in the Master, that you should no longer walk as the gentiles walk,1 in the futility of their mind, Footnote: 11 Cor. 12:2, and Jer. 10:2.
Eph 4:18 having been darkened in their understanding, having been estranged from the life of Elohim, because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardness of their heart,
Eph 4:19 who, having become callous, have given themselves up to indecency, to work all uncleanness with greediness.
Eph 4:20 But you have not so learned Messiah,
Eph 4:21 if indeed you have heard Him and were taught by Him, as truth is in יהושע:
Eph 4:22 that you put off – with regard to your former way of life – the old man, being corrupted according to the desires of the deceit,
Eph 4:23 and to be renewed in the spirit of your mind,
Eph 4:24 and that you put on the renewed man1 which was created according to Elohim, in righteousness and set-apartness of the truth. Footnote: 1Rom. 8:1.
Act 3:20 and that He sends יהושע Messiah, pre-appointed for you,
Act 3:21 whom heaven needs to receive until the times of restoration of all matters, of which Elohim spoke through the mouth of all His set-apart prophets since of old.
Act 3:22 “For Mosheh truly said to the fathers, ‘יהוה your Elohim shall raise up for you a Prophet like me from your brothers. Him you shall hear according to all matters, whatever He says to you.
Act 3:23 ‘And it shall be that every being who does not hear that Prophet1 shall be utterly destroyed from among the people.’ Footnote: 1Deut. 18:18-20.
Act 3:24 “And likewise, all the prophets who have spoken, from Shemu’ĕl and those following, have also announced these days.
Act 3:25 “You are sons of the prophets, and of the covenant which Elohim made with our fathers, saying to Aḇraham, ‘And in your seed all the nations of the earth shall be blessed.’
1Pe 2:9 But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a set-apart nation, a people for a possession, that you should proclaim the praises of Him who called you out of darkness into His marvellous light,
1Pe 2:10 who once were not a people, but now the people of Elohim; who had not obtained compassion, but now obtained compassion. (Peter is addressing gentile converts or messianic believers)
Baruch atah YHVH, Eloheynu, Melech ha-‘Olam, asher natan lanu Toraht-emet, v’chay-yeh o’lam nata-b’tochenu. Baruch atah YHVH, noteyn ha-Torah. Ameyn.”
(Blessed are you Yahweh, our Elohim, King of the Universe, you have given us your Torah of truth, and have planted everlasting life within our midst. Blessed are you, YHVH giver of the Torah – Ameyn
Chazak Chazak Ve Nietchezek
Be strong be strong and we shall strengthen ourselves.
“Pekudei” – Accounts/Notations
Exo 38:21 These were the appointments (pekudei) of the Dwelling Place, the Dwelling Place of the Witness, which was appointed (pukad) by the command of Mosheh, for the service of the Lĕwites, by the hand of Ithamar, son of Aharon the priest.
כא אֵלֶּה פְקוּדֵי הַמִּשְׁכָּן מִשְׁכַּן הָעֵדֻת, אֲשֶׁר פֻּקַּד עַל-פִּי מֹשֶׁה: עֲבֹדַת, הַלְוִיִּם, בְּיַד אִיתָמָר, בֶּן-אַהֲרֹן הַכֹּהֵן.
These are the ones who were enabled to give a full accounting of the Taberacle (that were enabled to make sure all instructions and materials were correctly performed and accounted for) – the Tabernacle of witness, that was enabled to be accounted for by the mouth of Moshe – service of the Levites in the hand of Ithamar son of Aaron the priest.
The title of our parasha “pekudei” comes from a root Hebrew word “pakad” if we look carefully at the various definitions given in BDB (S6485) we will see that this is a very complicated word and various scholars interpret it differently. Perhaps this word in its “Pual” form could mean – “to be called to account or to be paid in full”. In the light of the perfect tense verbs used in the last two portions, I believe we need to look a little deeper at something which directs us to a finished work.
“Parash’ot T’rumah, Tetzaveh, and Ki Tissa signifies the instructions (as can be observed by the fact that the verb tenses are in the future), whereas the latter two portions Vayekel and Pekudei are in the past tense, signifying the work that was completed according to instructions. “ Sages.”