- Vs 1 speaks of all those issues that we have valued more than the desire of the Father – idolatry.
- Vs 2 speaks of not embracing the heart of Sabbath.
Blessing of Torah.
Hebrew: Baruch atah YHVH eloheinu melech ha-olam, asher kideshanu b'mitzvotav, v'tzivanu la'asok b'divrei Torah. V'ha'arev na YHVH eloheinu et divrei toratecha befinu uvfi amecha beit Yisrael. V'niyeh anachnu v'tze'etze'einu v'tze'etza'ei amecha beit Yisrael kullanu yodei sh'mecha v'lomdei toratecha lishmah. Baruch atah YHVH hamelamed Torah le'amo Yisrael. Baruch atah YHVH Eloheinu melech ha-olam, asher bachar banu mikol ha'amim venatan lanu et torato. Baruch atah YHVH, notein haTorah.
English translation: Blessed are You, YHVH our Elohim, King of the universe, who has made us set apart through His commandments and commanded us to actively study Torah. Please YHVH, our Elohim, sweeten the words of Your Torah in our mouths and in the mouths of all Your people Israel. May we and our offspring, and the offspring of Your people, the House of Israel, may we all, together, know Your Name and study Your Torah for the sake of fulfilling Your desire. Blessed are You, YHVH, Who teaches Torah to His people Israel. Blessed are You, YHVH our Elohim, King of the universe, , Who chose us from all the nations and gave us the Torah. Blessed are You, YHVH, Giver of the Torah.
According to the Torah slavery has never been abolished. In fact while heaven and earth are still here slavery may still be practiced. The kind of slavery that has been practiced in the world today and in the past is for the most part forbidden by Torah because it violates the Torah instructions for slavery.
Today slavery manifests itself in human trafficking – here follows a description of slavery from Wikipedia.
“Human trafficking is the trade in humans, most commonly for the purpose of sexual slavery, forced labor or commercial sexual exploitation for the trafficker or others; or for the extraction of organs or tissues,] including surrogacy and ova removal; or for providing a spouse in the context of forced marriage; or for commercial exploitation. Human trafficking can occur within a country or trans-nationally. Human trafficking is a crime against the person because of the violation of the victim's rights of movement through coercion and because of their commercial exploitation. Human trafficking is the trade in people, and does not necessarily involve the movement of the person from one place to another. Human trafficking represents an estimated $31.6 billion of international trade per annum in 2010. Human trafficking is thought to be one of the fastest-growing activities of transnational criminal organizations.” End quote.
Today forbidden slavery is also seen in the practice of cheap child labour.
“Child labour refers to the employment of children in any work that deprives children of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful.”
Because slavery is practiced in a manner that is forbidden by Torah it has reached levels of cruelty and abuse that defy human imagination and most people today choose to ignore it - perhaps one of the biggest human injustices of our times.
Of all people Yisraelites were meant to understand and practice slavery in the world in such a way that slaves would be some of the most well treated people on the planet.
There is a saying amongst the sages that he who purchases a slave purchases a master.
It is because of this cruelty and violation of YHVH’s Torah that a complete destruction will come upon mankind – (also haftarah of our Torah portion)
Isa 24:1 See, יהוה is making the earth empty and making it waste, and shall overturn its surface, and shall scatter abroad its inhabitants.
Isa 24:2 And it shall be – as with the people so with the priest, as with the servant so with his master, as with the female servant so with her mistress, as with the buyer so with the seller, as with the lender so with the borrower, as with the creditor so with the debtor;
Isa 24:3 the earth is completely emptied and utterly plundered, for יהוה has spoken this word.
Isa 24:4 The earth shall mourn and wither, the world shall languish and wither, the haughty people of the earth shall languish.
Isa 24:5 For the earth has been defiled under its inhabitants, because they have transgressed the Torot1, changed2 the law, broken the everlasting covenant3. Footnotes: 1Torot - plural of Torah, teaching. 2Jer. 23:36. 3This is the only reason, according to all Scriptures, why the earth shall be burned in the day of judgment – see also 13:9, 13:11, 26:21, 66:24, Mic. 5:15, Zeph. 1:2-18.
Isa 24:6 Therefore a curse shall consume the earth, and those who dwell in it be punished. Therefore the inhabitants of the earth shall be burned, and few men shall be left.
As we look carefully into the instructions of slavery in the Torah we discover the essence and framework of our redemption.
Gal 5:1 In the freedom with which Messiah has made us free, stand firm, then, and do not again be held with a yoke of slavery.
Many believers like to claim they are free. But are they really free?
Joh 8:31 So יהושע said to those Yehuḏim who believed Him, “If you stay in My Word,(Torah) you are truly My taught ones,
Joh 8:32 and you shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.”
Joh 8:33 They answered Him, “We are the seed of Aḇraham, and have been servants to no one at any time. How do you say, ‘You shall become free’?”
Joh 8:34 יהושע answered them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, everyone doing sin is a servant of sin.
Joh 8:35 “And the servant does not stay in the house forever – a son stays forever.
Joh 8:36 “If, then, the Son makes you free, you shall be free indeed.
Joh 8:37 “I know that you are the seed of Aḇraham, but you seek to kill Me, because My word has no place in you.
Shaul goes on to describe that true freedom from sin and bondage is only found in Messiah.
Gal 3:27 For as many of you as were immersed into Messiah have put on Messiah.
Gal 3:28 There is not Yehuḏite nor Greek, there is not slave nor free, there is not male and female, for you are all one in Messiah יהושע.
Gal 3:29 And if you are of Messiah, then you are seed of Aḇraham, and heirs according to promise.
So we know Yahshua came to set the captives free, but we also know when a people do not walk in perfect law of liberty – Torah – they will soon become slaves again.
Genuine lasting freedom can only exist when we are covenanted to YHVH through His Messiah according to the Torah.
We see in the opening verses of this Torah portion that there are some who are called to freedom – vs 39-43 and there are others in the nations that always will be slaves – vs 44 - 46
Lev 25:39 ‘And when your brother who dwells by you (Hebrew “imach”) becomes poor, and sells himself to you,(Heb ‘lach”) do not make him serve as a slave.
Lev 25:40 ‘But as a hired servant, as a settler he is with you,(“imach”) and serves you(“imach”) until the Year of Jubilee.
Lev 25:41 ‘And then he shall leave you,(“imach”) he and his children with him, and shall return to his own clan, even return to the possession of his fathers.
Lev 25:42 ‘For they are My servants, whom I brought out of the land of Mitsrayim, they are not sold as slaves.
Lev 25:43 ‘Do not rule over him with harshness, but you shall fear your Elohim.
Yahveh’s will is that His people should prosper, because only then would they be able to be in a position to help struggling brothers and sisters.
Why don’t His people prosper?
Why do so many of His children suffer poverty and lack?
Lev 25:44 ‘And your male and female slaves whom you have from the nations that are around you, from them you buy male and female slaves,
Lev 25:45 and also from the sons of the strangers sojourning among you, from them you buy, and from their clans who are with you, which they shall bring forth in your land, and they shall be your property.
Lev 25:46 ‘And you shall take them as an inheritance for your children after you, to inherit them as a possession, they are your slaves for all time. But over your brothers, the children of Yisra’ĕl, you do not rule with harshness, one over another.
From vs 44 – 46 all second person pronouns have masculine endings, whereas in verses 39 -43 all second person pronouns have feminine endings. Why?
It would appear that the pronouns with feminine endings are not referring to the master but could be referring to a group of people. In this case the “Kehelah” which is a feminine Hebrew noun meaning the assembly of Yisraelites. This can be compared to the Bride of Messiah.
We gather then that there are those who are called to be part of the Kehelah of Yisrael and those who are not.
Those who are called to be part of the Kehelah DO NOT ACT WITH AN INDEPENDENT CONSCIENCE BUT WITH THE MIND OF HIM WHO IS THE HEAD OF THE KEHELAH.
When Yahshua says “seek first the Kingdom of YHVH …. He is not addressing an individual but a group of people.
Mat 6:33 “But seek first the reign of Elohim, and His righteousness, and all these matters shall be added to you.
1Pe 2:9 But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a set-apart nation, a people for a possession, that you should proclaim the praises of Him who called you out of darkness into His marvellous light,
All the second person personal pronouns in the above verse are also all plural.
Yahshua came to reveal the highest calling given to YHVH’s creation – TO HEAR YHVH AND TO AGREE WITH HIM AND TO OBEY HIM.
This was the life that Yahshua came to show us.
Joh 6:38 “Because I have come down out of the heaven, not to do My own desire, but the desire of Him who sent Me.
Joh 6:39 “This is the desire of the Father who sent Me, that all He has given Me I should not lose of it, but should raise it in the last day.
Joh 4:34 יהושע said to them, “My food is to do the desire of Him who sent Me, and to accomplish His work.
The issue of Shmittah and Yovel reveal the very core of YHVH’s Being – that of redeeming and setting free in such a manner that the person never get themselves back into bondage.
By the end of the Messianic age the whole Kehelah (Called out ones/assembly)of YHVH will be free. The corporate ministry and mind of His people will be such that a fellow Yisraelite will be assisted as many times as they need to be until they no longer make decisions that will get them back into bondage again; where they need to be sold into some form of servanthood.
This only applies to the Kehelah of YHVH – those in the nations will serve the Kehelah for ever.
Our ultimate judgment will not be based on how much we knew, but by how much we cared.
Mat 25:31 “And when the Son of Aḏam comes in His esteem, and all the set-apart messengers with Him, then He shall sit on the throne of His esteem.
Mat 25:32 “And all the nations shall be gathered before Him, and He shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd separates his sheep from the goats.
Mat 25:33 “And He shall set the sheep on His right hand, but the goats on the left.
Mat 25:34 “Then the Sovereign shall say to those on His right hand, ‘Come, you blessed of My Father, inherit the reign prepared for you from the foundation of the world –
Mat 25:35 for I was hungry and you gave Me food, I was thirsty and you gave Me drink, I was a stranger and you took Me in,
Mat 25:36 was naked and you clothed Me, I was sick and you visited Me, I was in prison and you came to Me.’
Mat 25:37 “Then the righteous shall answer Him, saying, ‘Master, when did we see You hungry and we fed You, or thirsty and gave You to drink?
Mat 25:38 ‘And when did we see You a stranger and took You in, or naked and clothed You?
Mat 25:39 ‘And when did we see You sick, or in prison, and we came to You?’
Mat 25:40 “And the Sovereign shall answer and say to them, ‘Truly, I say to you, in so far as you did it to one of the least of these My brothers, you did it to Me.’
Lev 25:47 ‘Now when a sojourner or a settler with you becomes rich, and your brother with him becomes poor, and sells himself to the settler or sojourner with you, or to a member of the sojourner’s clan,
Lev 25:48 after he has been sold, there is a right of redemption to him – one of his brothers does redeem him,
Lev 25:49 or his uncle or his uncle’s son does redeem him, or anyone who is a close relative to him in his clan does redeem him, or if he is able, then he shall redeem himself.
Lev 25:50 ‘And he shall reckon with him who bought him: The price of his release shall be according to the number of years, from the year that he was sold to him until the Year of Jubilee; as the days of a hired servant it is with him.
Lev 25:51 ‘If there are yet many years, according to them he repays the price of his redemption, from the silver of his purchase.
Lev 25:52 ‘And if few years are left until the Year of Jubilee, then he shall reckon with him, and according to his years he repays him the price of his redemption.
Lev 25:53 ‘He is with him as a yearly hired servant, and he does not rule with harshness over him before your eyes.
Lev 25:54 ‘And if he is not redeemed in these years, then he shall be released in the Year of Jubilee, he and his children with him.
of Mitsrayim. I am יהוה your Elohim.
Lev 26:1 ‘Do not make idols for yourselves, and do not set up a carved image or a pillar for yourselves, and do not place a stone image in your land, to bow down to it. For I am יהוה your Elohim.
Lev 26:2 ‘Guard My Sabbaths and reverence My set-apart place. I am יהוה.
These last two verses address the main reason why we fail to obey YHVH’s instructions.
Yahshua did most of his miracles on sabbaths.
Isa 58:13 “If you do turn back your foot from the Sabbath, from doing your pleasure on My set-apart day, and shall call the Sabbath ‘a delight,’ the set-apart day of יהוה ‘esteemed,’ and shall esteem it, not doing your own ways, nor finding your own pleasure, nor speaking your own words,
Isa 58:14 then you shall delight yourself in יהוה. And I shall cause you to ride on the heights of the earth, and feed you with the inheritance of Yaʽaqoḇ your father. For the mouth of יהוה has spoken!”
The previous verses explain what our true spiritual duty is and what it means not to seek your own pleasure and own ways.
Isa 58:5 “Is it a fast that I have chosen, a day for a man to afflict his being? Is it to bow down his head like a bulrush, and to spread out sackcloth and ashes? Do you call this a fast, and an acceptable day to יהוה?
Isa 58:6 “Is this not the fast that I have chosen: to loosen the tight cords of wrongness, to undo the bands of the yoke, to exempt the oppressed, and to break off every yoke?
Isa 58:7 “Is it not to share your bread with the hungry, and that you bring to your house the poor who are cast out; when you see the naked, and cover him, and not hide yourself from your own flesh?
Isa 58:8 “Then your light would break forth like the morning, your healing spring forth speedily. And your righteousness shall go before you, the esteem of יהוה would be your rear guard.
Isa 58:9 “Then, when you call, יהוה would answer; when you cry, He would say, ‘Here I am.’ “If you take away the yoke from your midst, the pointing of the finger, and the speaking of unrighteousness,
Isa 58:10 if you extend your being to the hungry and satisfy the afflicted being, then your light shall dawn in the darkness, and your darkness be as noon.
Isa 58:11 “Then יהוה would guide you continually, and satisfy your being in drought, and strengthen your bones. And you shall be like a watered garden, and like a spring of water, whose waters do not fail.
Isa 58:12 “And those from among you shall build the old waste places. You shall raise up the foundations of many generations. And you would be called the Repairer of the Breach, the Restorer of Streets to Dwell In.
The Sabbath (shmittah) is about taking stock of your life and asking yourself if your life is significantly connected in bringing genuine freedom to people’s lives. This will secure your own liberty.
Baruch atah YHVH, Eloheynu, Melech ha-‘Olam, asher natan lanu Toraht-emet, v’chay-yeh o’lam nata-b’tochenu. Baruch atah YHVH, noteyn ha-Torah. Ameyn.”
(Blessed are you YHVH, our Elohim, King of the Universe, you have given us your Torah of truth, and have planted everlasting life within our midst. Blessed are you, YHVH giver of the Torah – Ameyn
Please note these notes are under construction and are subject to correction and are in no way a final authority on any subject.
Joh 13:12 So when He had washed their feet and taken His garments, and sat down again, He said to them, “Do you know what I have done to you?
Joh 13:13 “You call me Teacher and Master, and you say well, for I am.
Joh 13:14 “Then if I, Master and Teacher, have washed your feet, you also ought to wash one another’s feet.
Joh 13:15 “For I gave you an example, that you should do as I have done to you.
Joh 13:16 “Truly, truly, I say to you, a servant is not greater than his master, nor is an emissary greater than he who sent him.
Joh 13:17 “If you know these teachings, blessed are you if you do them.
Joh 13:18 “I do not speak concerning all of you. I know whom I have chosen, but that the Scripture might be filled, ‘He who eats bread with Me has lifted up his heel against Me.’
Joh 13:19 “Now I say to you, before it takes place, that when it does take place, you shall believe that I am.
Joh 13:20 “Truly, truly, I say to you, he who receives whomever I send, receives Me. And he who receives Me, receives Him who sent Me.