Parashat 50 Portion 145 – Ki Tavo - Dev 26:1-29:9 Yesh/Is 60:1-22 Col 3:1-17
The events described in this Torah portion are connected to the feast of Sukkot. This will be the first appointment we have with YHVH in the millennial kingdom. The instruction around this event as given to us in this Torah portion clearly establishes the kind of foundation that will be established as we enter into the millennial kingdom of our Messiah.
Once again the tone for the Torah portion is set by the title and opening words. The sages remind us that the title “Ki Tavo” is presented in its future tense form. The use of this kind of language suggests to us some future time when the land of Yisrael will be divided according to the inheritance of the different tribes of Yisrael. This event will take place at the commencement of the Messianic age. (Ez 47:22,23)
This is parashat 50. The number 50 reminds us of the Jubilee year. The year where all that we have lost – including the land of Yisrael - is returned to us. Maybe this parashah reveals one of the most profound secrets of how the kingdom of YHVH will return to its rightful owners.
Mar 4:11 And He said to them, “To you it has been given to know the secret of the reign of Elohim, but to those who are outside, all are done in parables,
Mar 4:12 so that ‘seeing they see but do not perceive, and hearing they hear but do not understand, lest they should turn and their sins be forgiven them.’ ”1 Footnote: 1Mt.13:15.
Isa 60:1 “Arise, shine, for your light has come! And the esteem of יהוה has risen upon you.
Isa 60:2 “For look, darkness covers the earth, and thick darkness the peoples. But יהוה arises over you, and His esteem is seen upon you.
Isa 60:3 “And the gentiles shall come to your light1, and sovereigns to the brightness of your rising. Footnote: 1Isa. 60:19,20, Rev. 21:23,24.
Isa 60:4 “Lift up your eyes all around and see: all of them have gathered, they have come to you; your sons come from afar, and your daughters are supported on the side.
Isa 60:5 “Then you shall see and be bright, and your heart shall throb and swell, for the wealth of the sea is turned to you, the riches of the gentiles come to you.
Col 3:1 If, then, you were raised with Messiah, seek the matters which are above, where Messiah is, seated at the right hand of Elohim.
Col 3:2 Mind the matters above, not those on the earth.
Col 3:3 For you have died, and your life has been hidden with Messiah in Elohim.
Col 3:4 When the Messiah, who is our life, is manifested, then you also shall be manifested with Him in esteem.
Col 3:5 Therefore put to death your members which are on the earth: whoring, uncleanness, passion, evil desire and greed of gain, which is idolatry.
Col 3:6 Because of these the wrath of Elohim is coming upon the sons of disobedience,1 Footnote: 1Eph. 2:2, Eph. 5:6.
Col 3:7 in which you also once walked when you lived in them.
General Overview: The Israelites are commanded to bring the first of their fruit to the Temple, and to deliver all tithes to their proper recipients. Moshe explains how the blessings and curses are to be proclaimed on Mts. Gerizzim and Ebal when the Hebrew nation enters into Israel. He then details the blessings they will receive for following the commandments of the Torah, and the calamities which will result from disregarding them.
These events possibly point to future prophetic end time events: Many non Jewish people who desire to return to Israel will be able to return. The growing number of restless believers in Yahshua around the world wanting to return to Israel is proof of this. However this Torah portion clearly lays down the conditions required to enter into the land and to STAY in the land. It appears that many may be called to return to the land but few may experience the blessing of staying in the land. (Matt 22:14)
This section introduces us to the mitzvah of bikurim,(firstfruit) the requirement to bring one's first fruits to the Set Apart Temple. This mitzvah(commandment) applies to fruits and produce grown in the land of Israel, and only those for which the land of Israel is praised: wheat, barley, dates, figs, grapes, pomegranates and olives. When in the Temple, the owner of the fruits recites a prayer acknowledging his humble past as well as the struggle he had to go through to enter into the land. The prayer includes a declaration that no part of the tithe has been withheld and the priest presents the prayer and the offering before YHVH.
During Temple times, Hebrew farmers were required to separate from their produce several different tithes (three tithes). These were distributed to the priests (Levites), the poor, and one tithe which were eaten by its owners in Jerusalem.
Deu 26:1 “And it shall be, when you come – (Ki Tavo) into the land which יהוה your Elohim is giving you as an inheritance, and you possess it and dwell in it,
Deu 26:2 that you shall take some of the first of all the fruits of the soil which you bring from your land that יהוה your Elohim is giving you, and shall put it in a basket and go to the place where יהוה your Elohim chooses to make His Name dwell there.
Deu 26:3 “And you shall come to the one who is priest in those days, and say to him, ‘I shall declare today to יהוה your Elohim that I have come to the land which יהוה swore to our fathers to give us.’
Deu 26:4 “And the priest shall take the basket from your hand and place it before the altar of יהוה your Elohim.
Deu 26:5 “And you shall answer and say before יהוה your Elohim, ‘My father was a perishing Aramean, and he went down to Mitsrayim and sojourned there with few men. And there he became a nation, great, mighty, and numerous.
Deu 26:6 ‘But the Mitsrites did evil to us, and afflicted us, and imposed hard labour on us.
Deu 26:7 ‘Then we cried out to יהוה Elohim of our fathers, and יהוה heard our voice and saw our affliction and our toil and our oppression.
Deu 26:8 ‘And יהוה brought us out of Mitsrayim with a strong hand and with an outstretched arm, with great fear and with signs and wonders.
Deu 26:9 ‘And He brought us to this place and has given us this land, “a land flowing with milk and honey.”
Deu 26:10 ‘And now, see, I have brought the first-fruits of the land which You, O יהוה, have given me.’ Then you shall place it before יהוה your Elohim, and bow down before יהוה your Elohim,
Deu 26:11 and shall rejoice in all the good which יהוה your Elohim has given to you and your house, you and the Lĕwite and the stranger who is among you.
Deu 26:12 “When you have completed tithing all the tithe of your increase in the third year, which is the year of tithing, and have given it to the Lĕwite, to the stranger, to the fatherless, and to the widow, and they have eaten within your gates and have been satisfied,
Deu 26:13 then you shall say before יהוה your Elohim, ‘I have put away the set-apart portion from my house, and also have given it to the Lĕwite, and to the stranger, and to the fatherless, and to the widow, according to all Your command which You have commanded me. I have not transgressed Your commands, nor have I forgotten.
Deu 26:14 ‘I have not eaten any of it when in mourning, nor have I removed any of it for any unclean use, nor given any of it for the dead. I have obeyed the voice of יהוה my Elohim, I have done according to all that You have commanded me.
Deu 26:15 ‘Look from Your set-apart dwelling place, from the heavens, and bless Your people Yisra’ĕl and the land which You have given us, as You swore to our fathers, “a land flowing with milk and honey.” ’
Deu 26:16 “Today יהוה your Elohim is commanding you to do these laws and right-rulings. And you shall guard and do them with all your heart and with all your being.
Deu 26:17 “You have today caused יהוה to proclaim to be your Elohim, and to walk in His ways and guard His laws, and His commands, and His right-rulings, and to obey His voice.
Deu 26:18 “And יהוה has caused you to proclaim today to be His people, a treasured possession, as He has spoken to you, and to guard all His commands,
Deu 26:19 so as to set you high above all nations which He has made, for a praise, and for a name, and for esteem, and for you to be a set-apart people to יהוה your Elohim, as He has spoken.”
The sages believe that this parashah established the foundation for those returning to the land. The very first requirement to be undertaken by those who desired to enter the land is that they had to declare that they had not withheld any of the tithe from YHVH. It appears from the Torah that there were three tithes. First the Levites tithe; the second tithe to be used for Sukkot and finally a tithe for the poor, the widow and orphan.
When you rob YHVH of tithes – you curse Him. When you curse Him the whole foundation of your life becomes flawed.
Mal 3:8 “Would a man rob Elohim? Yet you are robbing Me! But you said, ‘In what have we robbed You?’ In the tithe and the offering!
Mal 3:9 “You have cursed Me with a curse, for you are robbing Me, this nation, all of it!
Mal 3:10 “Bring all the tithes into the storehouse, and let there be food in My house. And please prove Me in this,” said יהוה of hosts, “whether I do not open for you the windows of the heavens, and shall pour out for you boundless blessing!
They also had to declare that they were not an ethnically superior people. It would be YHVH that would give then an exalted status, not because of them but because of His love for them.
We must add here that those who leave “Egypt/Mitzraim”(20%) will not leave empty handed.
Deu 27:1 And Mosheh, with the elders of Yisra’ĕl, commanded the people, saying, “Guard all the commands which I am commanding you today.
Deu 32:47 “For it is not a worthless Word for you, because it is your life, and by this Word you prolong your days on the soil which you pass over the Yardĕn to possess.”
Deu 27:2 “And it shall be, on the day when you pass over the Yardĕn to the land which יהוה your Elohim is giving you, that you shall set up for yourselves large stones, and plaster them with plaster,
Deu 27:3 and write on them all the Words of this Torah, when you have passed over, so that you go into the land which יהוה your Elohim is giving you, ‘a land flowing with milk and honey,’ as יהוה Elohim of your fathers has spoken to you.
Deu 27:4 “And it shall be, when you have passed over the Yardĕn, that on Mount Ěyḇal you set up these stones, which I command you today, and you shall plaster them with plaster,
Deu 27:5 and build an altar to יהוה your Elohim there, an altar of stones – do not use an iron tool on them.
Deu 27:6 “Build the altar of יהוה your Elohim with complete stones, and you shall offer burnt offerings on it to יהוה your Elohim,
Deu 27:7 and shall offer peace offerings, and eat there, and rejoice before יהוה your Elohim.
Deu 27:8 “And you shall write all the Words of this Torah on the stones – plainly and well.”
Deu 27:9 And Mosheh and the priests, the Lĕwites, spoke to all Yisra’ĕl, saying, “Be silent and hear, O Yisra’ĕl: This day you have become the people of יהוה your Elohim,
Deu 27:10 and you shall obey the voice of יהוה your Elohim, and do His commands and His laws which I command you today.”
Deu 27:11 And Mosheh commanded the people on that day, saying,
Deu 27:12 “These are to stand on Mount Gerizim to bless the people, when you have passed over the Yardĕn: Shimʽon, and Lĕwi, and Yehuḏah, and Yissasḵar, and Yosĕph, and Binyamin.
Deu 27:13 “And these are to stand on Mount Ěyḇal to curse: Re’uḇĕn, Gaḏ, and Ashĕr, and Zeḇulun, Dan, and Naphtali.
Deu 27:14 “And the Lĕwites shall speak with a loud voice and say to all the men of Yisra’ĕl:
Deu 27:15 ‘Cursed is the man who makes a carved or moulded image, an abomination to יהוה, the work of the hands of the craftsman, and sets it up in secret.’ And all the people shall answer and say, ‘Amĕn!’
Deu 27:16 ‘Cursed is he who makes light of his father or his mother.’ And all the people shall say, ‘Amĕn!’
Deu 27:17 ‘Cursed is he who moves his neighbour’s boundary.’ And all the people shall say, ‘Amĕn!’
Deu 27:18 ‘Cursed is he who misleads the blind in the way.’ And all the people shall say, ‘Amĕn!’
Deu 27:19 ‘Cursed is he who twists the right-ruling of the stranger, the fatherless, and widow.’ And all the people shall say, ‘Amĕn!’
Deu 27:20 ‘Cursed is he who lies with his father’s wife, because he has uncovered his father’s bed.’ And all the people shall say, ‘Amĕn!’
Deu 27:21 ‘Cursed is he who lies with any beast.’ And all the people shall say, ‘Amĕn!’
Deu 27:22 ‘Cursed is he who lies with his sister, the daughter of his father or the daughter of his mother.’ And all the people shall say, ‘Amĕn!’
Deu 27:23 ‘Cursed is he who lies with his mother-in-law.’ And all the people shall say, ‘Amĕn!’
Deu 27:24 ‘Cursed is he who smites his neighbour secretly.’ And all the people shall say, ‘Amĕn!’
Deu 27:25 ‘Cursed is he who takes a bribe to slay an innocent being.’ And all the people shall say, ‘Amĕn!’
Deu 27:26 ‘Cursed is he who does not establish the Words of this Torah.’ And all the people shall say, ‘Amĕn!’
Midrash on vs 15 - Rom 1:22 Claiming to be wise, they became fools,
Rom 1:23 and changed the esteem of the incorruptible Elohim into the likeness of an image of corruptible man, and of birds and of four-footed beasts and of reptiles.
Rom 1:24 Therefore Elohim gave them up to uncleanness in the lust of their hearts, to disrespect their bodies among themselves, (gay and lesbian movement)
Rom 1:25 who changed the truth of Elohim into the falsehood, and worshipped and served what was created rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever. Amĕn.
In the physical realm we see how people even believers have placed an inordinate affection of Yahveh’s creation.
In the spiritual realm we see how religious men have created ideas and doctrines that misrepresent the image of YHVH.
The evidence of this idolatry is the hostile response one receives when expressing concern or when challenging such inordinate affections or misrepresentations of what is right and acceptable to YHVH according to Torah.
Vs 17 - Psa 16:5 יהוה is the portion of my inheritance and my cup; You uphold my lot.
Psa 16:6 Boundary lines have fallen to me in pleasant places; Indeed, a good inheritance is mine.
We are meant to encourage people find their goodly inheritance in this life and not prevent or take from them what YHVH intended for them to have.
Deu 28:1 “And it shall be, if you diligently obey the voice of יהוה your Elohim, to guard to do all His commands which I command you today, that יהוה your Elohim shall set you high above all nations of the earth.
Deu 28:2 “And all these blessings shall come upon you and overtake you, if you obey the voice of יהוה your Elohim:
Deu 28:3 “Blessed are you in the city, and blessed are you in the field.
Deu 28:4 “Blessed is the fruit of your body, and the fruit of your ground and the fruit of your livestock – the increase of your cattle and the offspring of your flocks.
Deu 28:5 “Blessed is your basket and your kneading bowl.
Deu 28:6 “Blessed are you when you come in, and blessed are you when you go out.
Deu 28:7 “יהוה causes your enemies who rise against you to be smitten before your face – they come out against you one way and flee before you seven ways.
Deu 28:8 “יהוה commands the blessing on you in your storehouses and in all to which you set your hand, and shall bless you in the land which יהוה your Elohim is giving you.
Deu 28:9 “יהוה does establish you as a set-apart people to Himself, as He has sworn to you, if you guard the commands of יהוה your Elohim and walk in His ways.
Deu 28:10 “And all peoples of the earth shall see that the Name of יהוה is called upon you, and they shall be afraid of you.
Deu 28:11 “And יהוה shall make you to have plenty of what is good, in the fruit of your body, in the fruit of your livestock, and in the fruit of your ground, in the land of which יהוה swore to your fathers to give you.
Deu 28:12 “יהוה opens to you His good treasure, the heavens, to give the rain to your land in its season, and to bless all the work of your hand. And you shall lend to many nations, but you do not borrow.
Deu 28:13 “And יהוה shall make you the head and not the tail. And you shall be only on top, and not be beneath, if you obey the commands of יהוה your Elohim, which I command you today, to guard and do.
Deu 28:14 “And do not turn aside from any of the Words which I am commanding you today, right or left, to go after other mighty ones to serve them.
12 blessings and 12 curses – See Josh 4 – two sets of 12 stones.
Deu 28:15 “And it shall be, if you do not obey the voice of יהוה your Elohim, to guard to do all His commands and His laws which I command you today, that all these curses(kol haklalot) shall come upon you and overtake you:
Curse Strongs 7045 Kalalah – to make light – to withdraw - Matt 12:31 – Blasphemy against Ruach Ha Kodesh.
This was the sad history of Israel then and remains the sad history of Israel today. It remains the sad history of the non Jewish believers as well. The consequences are disastrous. – see Yesh/Is 24; Matt 24:21,22
Mat 24:21 “For then there shall be great distress,1 such as has not been since the beginning of the world until this time, no, nor ever shall be. Footnote:1Or great pressure, or great affliction.
Mat 24:22 “And if those days were not shortened, no flesh would be saved, but for the sake of the chosen ones those days shall be shortened.
But were the chosen ones not supposed to escape the tribulation through the rapture?
Deu 28:16 “Cursed are you in the city, and cursed are you in the field.
Deu 28:17 “Cursed is your basket and your kneading bowl.
Deu 28:18 “Cursed is the fruit of your body and the fruit of your land, the increase of your cattle and the offspring of your flocks.
Deu 28:19 “Cursed are you when you come in, and cursed are you when you go out.
Deu 28:20 “יהוה sends on you the curse, the confusion, and the rebuke in all that you set your hand to do, until you are destroyed and until you perish quickly, because of the evil of your doings by which you have forsaken Me.
Deu 28:21 “יהוה makes the plague cling to you until He has consumed you from the land which you are going to possess.
Deu 28:22 “יהוה smites you with wasting disease, and with inflammation, and with burning, and with extreme heat, and with the sword, and with blight, and with mildew. And they shall pursue you until you perish.
Deu 28:23 “And your heavens which are over your head shall be bronze, and the earth which is under you iron.
Deu 28:24 “יהוה makes the rain of your land powder and dust; from the heavens it comes down on you until you are destroyed.
Deu 28:25 “יהוה causes you to be defeated before your enemies – you go out one way against them and flee seven ways before them. And you shall become a horror to all the reigns of the earth.
Deu 28:26 “And your carcasses shall be food for all the birds of the heavens and the beasts of the earth, with no one to frighten them away.
Deu 28:27 “יהוה shall smite you with the boils of Mitsrayim, with tumours, with the scab, and with the itch, from which you are unable to be healed.
Deu 28:28 “יהוה shall smite you with madness and blindness and bewilderment of heart.
Deu 28:29 “And you shall be groping at noon, as a blind man gropes in darkness, and not prosper in your ways. And you shall be only oppressed and plundered all the days, with no one to save you.
Deu 28:30 “You become engaged to a wife, but another man does lie with her. You build a house, but do not dwell in it. You plant a vineyard, but do not use its fruit.
Deu 28:31 “Your ox is slaughtered before your eyes, but you do not eat of it. Your donkey is violently taken from before you, and it is not given back to you. Your sheep are given to your enemies, with no one to save them.
Deu 28:32 “Your sons and your daughters are given to another people, and your eyes look and fail for them all day long, and your hand powerless.
Deu 28:33 “A people whom you have not known eat the fruit of your land and all your labours. And you shall be only oppressed and crushed all the days.
Deu 28:34 “And you shall be maddened because of the sight which your eyes see.
Deu 28:35 “יהוה smites you in the knees and on the legs with evil boils of which you are unable to be healed, and from the sole of your foot to the top of your head.
Deu 28:36 “יהוה brings you and the sovereign whom you set over you to a nation which neither you nor your fathers have known, and there you shall serve other mighty ones, wood and stone.
Deu 28:37 “Thus you shall become an astonishment, a proverb, and a mockery among all the peoples to which יהוה drives you.
Deu 28:38 “You take much seed out into the field but gather little in, for the locust consumes it.
Deu 28:39 “You plant vineyards, and shall labour, but you neither drink of the wine nor gather, for the worm eats it.
Deu 28:40 “You have olive trees in all your border, but do not anoint with oil, for your olives drop off.
Deu 28:41 “You bring forth sons and daughters, but they are not with you, for they go into captivity.
Deu 28:42 “Locusts possess all your trees and the fruit of your ground.
Deu 28:43 “The sojourner who is among you rises higher and higher above you, but you come down lower and lower.
Deu 28:44 “He lends to you, but you do not lend to him. He is the head, and you are the tail.
Deu 28:45 “And all these curses shall come upon you, and they shall pursue and overtake you, until you are destroyed, because you did not obey the voice of יהוה your Elohim, to guard His commands and His laws which He commanded you.
Deu 28:46 “And they shall be upon you for a sign and for a wonder, and on your seed, forever.
Deu 28:47 “Because you did not serve יהוה your Elohim with joy and gladness of heart for all the plenty,
Deu 28:48 you shall serve your enemies whom יהוה sends against you, in hunger, and in thirst, and in nakedness, and in need of all. And he shall put a yoke of iron on your neck until he has destroyed you.
Deu 28:49 “יהוה brings a nation against you from afar, from the end of the earth, as swift as the eagle flies, a nation whose language you shall not understand,
Deu 28:50 a fierce-looking nation, which shows no regard for the elderly nor show favour to the young,
Deu 28:51 and they shall eat the fruit of your livestock and the fruit of your land, until you are destroyed. They leave you no grain, nor new wine, nor oil, nor the increase of your cattle or the offspring of your flocks, until they have destroyed you.
Deu 28:52 “And they shall besiege you at all your gates till your high and fenced walls, in which you are trusting, come down in all your land. And they shall besiege you at all your gates in all your land which יהוה your Elohim has given you.
Deu 28:53 “And you shall eat the fruit of your own body, the flesh of your sons and your daughters whom יהוה your Elohim has given you, in the siege and distress in which your enemies distress you.
Deu 28:54 “The man among you who is tender, and who is very delicate, his eye is evil against his brother, against the wife of his bosom, and against the rest of his children whom he leaves behind,
Deu 28:55 against giving any of them the flesh of his children that he eats, because it is all that has been left to him in the siege and distress with which your enemy distresses you in all your gates.
Deu 28:56 “The tender and the delicate woman among you, who have not tried to set the sole of her foot on the ground because of her delicateness and tenderness, her eye is evil against the husband of her bosom, and against her son, and against her daughter,
Deu 28:57 and against her seed which comes out from between her feet, and her children whom she bears, for she eats them in secret for lack of all, in the siege and distress with which your enemy distresses you in all your gates.
Deu 28:58 “If you do not guard to do all the Words of this Torah that are written in this book, to fear this esteemed and awesome Name, יהוה your Elohim,
Deu 28:59 then יהוה shall bring upon you and your descendants extraordinary plagues, great and lasting plagues, and grievous and lasting sicknesses.
Deu 28:60 “And He shall bring back on you all the diseases of Mitsrayim, of which you were afraid, and they shall cling to you,
Deu 28:61 also every sickness and every plague, which is not written in the book of this Torah, יהוה does bring upon you until you are destroyed.
Deu 28:62 “And you shall be left with few men, although you had become as numerous as the stars of the heavens, because you did not obey the voice of יהוה your Elohim.
Deu 28:63 “And it shall be, that as יהוה rejoiced over you to do you good and increase you, so יהוה does rejoice over you to destroy you and lay you waste. And you shall be plucked from off the land which you go to possess.
Deu 28:64 “And יהוה shall scatter you among all peoples, from one end of the earth to the other, and there you shall serve other mighty ones, which neither you nor your fathers have known, wood and stone.
Deu 28:65 “And among those nations you are to find no rest, nor have a resting place for the sole of your foot. But there יהוה shall give you a trembling heart, and failing eyes, and sorrow of being.
Deu 28:66 “And your life shall be hanging in suspense before you, and you shall fear day and night, and not be certain of your life.
Deu 28:67 “In the morning you say, ‘Oh, that it were evening!’ And at evening you say, ‘Oh, that it were morning!’ because of the fear of your heart, with which you fear, and because of the sight which your eyes see.
Deu 28:68 “And יהוה shall bring you back to Mitsrayim in ships, by a way of which I said to you, ‘You are never to see it again.’ And there you shall be sold to your enemies as male and female slaves, but no one to buy.”
Deu 29:1 These are the words of the covenant which יהוה commanded Mosheh to make with the children of Yisra’ĕl in the land of Mo’aḇ, besides the covenant which He made with them in Ḥorĕḇ.
Deu 29:2 And Mosheh called all Yisra’ĕl and said to them, “You yourselves saw all that יהוה did before your eyes in the land of Mitsrayim, to Pharaoh and to all his servants and to all his land.
Deu 29:3 “Your eyes saw the great trials, the signs, and those great wonders.
Deu 29:4 “But יהוה has not given you a heart to know and eyes to see and ears to hear, till this day.
Deu 29:5 “And I have led you forty years in the wilderness. Your garments have not worn out on you, and your sandals have not worn out on your feet.
Deu 29:6 “You ate no bread and drank no wine nor strong drink, so that you might know that I am יהוה your Elohim.
Deu 29:7 “And when you came to this place, Siḥon sovereign of Ḥeshbon and Oḡ sovereign of Bashan came out against us to battle, and we smote them,
Deu 29:8 and took their land and gave it as an inheritance to the Re’uḇĕnites, and to the Gaḏites, and to half the tribe of Menashsheh.
Deu 29:9 “Therefore you shall guard the words of this covenant, and do them, so that you prosper in all that you do.
May YHVH find us worthy to be an end time people who will return to the land via the Yarden where the 12 hidden stones in the river will be revealed and once again be used as an altar to our Elohim – Josh 4:9.
Please note these notes are under construction and are subject to correction and are in no way a final authority on any subject