Just imagine if there never was a golden calf!
Rom 9:14 What, then, shall we say? Is there unrighteousness with Elohim? Let it not be!
Rom 9:15 For He says to Mosheh, “I shall favour whomever I favour, and I shall have compassion on whomever I have compassion.”
Rom 9:16 So, then, it is not of him who is wishing, nor of him who is running, but of Elohim who shows favour.
Exo 32:15 And Mosheh turned and went down from the mountain, and in his hand were the two tablets of the Witness, tablets written on both their sides, written on the one and on the other.
Exo 32:16 And the tablets were the work of Elohim, and the writing was the writing of Elohim engraved on the tablets.
Exo 32:17 And Yehoshua heard the noise of the people as they shouted and he said to Mosheh, “A noise of battle in the camp!”
Exo 32:18 But he said, “It is not the sound of those who shout of might, nor is it the sound of those who cry out in weakness, but the sound of singing that I hear.”
Exo 32:19 And it came to be, as soon as he came near the camp, that he saw the calf and the dancing. And Mosheh’s displeasure burned, and he threw the tablets out of his hands and broke(Shavar - piel verb – shattered) them at the foot of the mountain.
Perhaps the world has never yet fully recovered from the sin of the golden calf – for centuries when the Torah was read, very few really understood its true message. In these days there seems to be a recovery and an opening of ears and eyes to hear (shema) what YHVH is saying to His people through the Torah.
2Co 3:14 But their minds were hardened, for to this day, when the old (Gk ancient) covenant is being read, that same veil remains, not lifted, because in Messiah it is taken away. (the veil remains for most Christians)
2Co 3:15 But to this day, when Mosheh is being read, a veil lies on their heart.
2Co 3:16 And when one turns to the Master, the veil is taken away.
2Co 3:17 Now יהוה is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of יהוה is, there is freedom.
Because the Torah enlightened by the Ruach Ha Kodesh (the Set Apart Spirit) is the perfect law of freedom
Jas 1:25 But he that looked into the perfect Torah, that of freedom,1 and continues in it, not becoming a hearer that forgets, but a doer of work, this one shall be blessed in his doing of the Torah. Footnote: 1See 2:12.
Exo 32:20 And he took the calf which they had made, and burned it in the fire, and ground it into powder, and scattered it on the face of the water and made the children of Yisra’ĕl drink it.
Law of Sotah or “jealousy” A Sotah (Hebrew: שוטה  / סוטה) is a woman suspected of adultery who undergoes the ordeal of bitter water or ordeal of jealousy as described and prescribed in the Priestly Code, in the Book of Numbers, the fourth book of the Hebrew Bible. The term "Sotah" itself is not found in the Hebrew Bible but is Mishnaic Hebrew based on the verse "if she has strayed" (verb: שטה satah) in Numbers 5:12 The process was a trial by ordeal administered to the wife whose husband suspected her of adultery but who had no witnesses to make a formal case (Numbers 5:11-31) – Wikipedia
The sad reality is that historically the nation of Yisrael has suffered greatly under many “ordeals” – (sotah’s or sotot) –
Jer 30:7 ‘Oh! For great is that day, there is none like it. And it is the time of Yaʽaqoḇ’s distress, but he shall be saved out of it.
Jer 30:8 ‘And it shall be in that day,’ declares יהוה of hosts, ‘that I break his yoke from your neck, and tear off your bonds, and foreigners no more enslave them.
Jer 30:9 ‘And they shall serve יהוה their Elohim and Dawiḏ their sovereign, whom I raise up for them.
Jer 30:10 ‘And you, do not fear, O Yaʽaqoḇ My servant,’ declares יהוה, ‘nor be discouraged, O Yisra’ĕl. For look, I am saving you from afar, and your seed from the land of their captivity. And Yaʽaqoḇ shall return, and have rest and be at ease, with no one to trouble him.
Jer 30:11 ‘For I am with you,’ declares יהוה, ‘to save you. Though I make a complete end of all gentiles1 where I have scattered you, yet I do not make a complete end of you. But I shall reprove you in judgment, and by no means leave you unpunished.’ Footnote: 1See 46:28, Isa. 34:2, Isa. 45:17, Dan. 2:44, Amos 9:8, Hag. 2:22.
Jer 30:12 “For thus said יהוה, ‘Your breach is incurable, your wound is grievous.
Jer 30:13 ‘No one pleads your cause, to bind up. There are no healing medicines for you.
Jer 30:24 The burning displeasure of יהוה shall not turn back until He has done and established the purposes of His heart. In the latter days you shall understand it1. Footnote: 1See 23:20.
Exo 32:21 And Mosheh said to Aharon, “What did this people do to you that you have brought so great a sin upon them?”
This truly was a great, great sin – see also 1Kings 12:28.
“What the relationship to the story of Jeroboam also reveals is that the golden calf is not meant to represent any deity other than Yahweh. Jeroboam is not trying to make the Israelites worship another god; he wants them to worship the same god, just in a different place. So too the Israelites in Exodus 32 are not introducing a new god. They say explicitly that the calf represents the god who took them out of Egypt—and that was Yahweh. The festival that they hold the next day is not a festival to Baal, or any other foreign god—it is explicitly a “festival of Yahweh.” The story of the golden calf is commonly misconstrued to be about idolatry, but it is not. It is, rather, about the incorrect worship of Yahweh: the kind of worship that requires a physical shape.
Apostasy is therefore the wrong term for what takes place in Exodus 32. It is, rather, disobedience of the law regarding the proper worship of Yahweh. This is precisely how YHVH describes their actions: Exo 32:8 “They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them. They have made themselves a moulded calf, and have bowed themselves to it and slaughtered to it, and said, ‘This is your mighty one, O Yisra’ĕl, who brought you out of the land of Mitsrayim!’ ”
This seems to reflect the Christian cult worship of “Jesus” – “Forever you will be …..I gladly bow my knee and worship you (Jesus) alone –
“All Heaven Declares The glory of the risen Lord. Who can compare With the beauty of the Lord? Forever You will be The Lamb upon the throne. I gladly bow the knee And worship You alone.”
(False worship mixed with the true worship of YHVH).
Joh 4:22 “You worship what you do not know. We worship what we know, because the deliverance is of the Yehuḏim.1 Footnote: 1Ps. 147:19, Isa. 2:3, Isa. 14:1, Isa. 56:6-8, Ezek. 47:22-23, Zech. 2:10-11, Zech. 8:23, Rom. 2:20, Rom. 3:2, Rom. 9:4, Rev. 21:12 & 24.
Joh 4:23 “But the hour is coming, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and truth, for the Father also does seek such to worship Him.
Joh 4:24 “Elohim is Spirit, and those who worship Him need to worship in spirit and truth.”
Salvation never has or never will come from the church. YHVH has overlooked the ignorance of the church and allowed many to come to know Him in the church - Act 17:29 “Now then, since we are the offspring of Elohim, we should not think that the Elohim is like gold or silver or stone, an image made by the skill and thought of man. (Or man’s doctrines.)
Act 17:30 “Truly, then, having overlooked these times of ignorance, Elohim now commands all men everywhere to repent,
Exo 32:22 And Aharon said, “Do not let the displeasure of my master burn. You know the people, that it is in evil.
Exo 32:23 “And they said to me, ‘Make us mighty ones (and Elohim) who go before us. For this Mosheh, the man who brought us out of the land of Mitsrayim, we do not know what has become of him.’
In other words, let us make an Elohim that we can relate to on our own terms and expectations.
Exo 32:24 “And I said to them, ‘Whoever has gold, let them take it off.’ And they gave it to me, and I threw it into the fire, and this calf came out.”
Exo 32:25 And Mosheh saw that the people were let loose, for Aharon had let them loose, to their shame among their enemies.
Is it not amazing how false worship of YHVH loves gold and to be “let loose” to “worship” as they please?
Exo 32:26 And Mosheh stood in the entrance of the camp, and said, “Who is for יהוה? Come to me.” And all the sons of Lĕwi gathered themselves to him.
Exo 32:27 And he said to them, “Thus said יהוה Elohim of Yisra’ĕl: ‘Each one put his sword on his side, pass over to and fro from gate to gate in the camp, and each one slay his brother, and each one his friend, and each one his relative.’ ”
Exo 32:28 And the sons of Lĕwi did according to the word of Mosheh. And about three thousand men of the people fell that day.
Exo 32:29 And Mosheh said, “You are ordained for יהוה today – since each one has been against his son and his brother – so as to bring upon you a blessing today.”
Exo 32:30 And it came to be on the next day that Mosheh said to the people, “You, you have sinned a great sin. And now I am going up to יהוה – if I might atone for your sin.”
Exo 32:31 And Mosheh returned to יהוה and said, “Oh, these people have sinned a great sin, and have made for themselves a mighty one of gold!
Exo 32:32 “And now, if You would forgive their sin, but if not, please blot me out of Your book which You have written.”
Exo 32:33 And יהוה said to Mosheh, “Whoever has sinned against Me, I blot him out of My book.
Exo 32:34 “And now, go, lead the people to the place of which I have spoken to you. See, My Messenger goes before you. And in the day of My visitation I shall visit their sin upon them.”
Exo 32:35 And יהוה plagued the people because they made the calf, which Aharon made.
An end time restored Spirit filled Levitical priesthood will usher in a final destruction of all false worship. The way we worship YHVH can bring life or death.
Exo 33:1 And יהוה said to Mosheh, “Come, go up from here, you and the people whom you have brought out of the land of Mitsrayim, to the land of which I swore to Aḇraham, to Yitsḥaq, and to Yaʽaqoḇ, saying, ‘To your seed I give it.’
Exo 33:2 “And I shall send My Messenger before you, and I shall drive out the Kenaʽanite and the Amorite and the Ḥittite and the Perizzite and the Ḥiwwite and the Yeḇusite,
Exo 33:3 to a land flowing with milk and honey. For I do not go up in your midst because you are a stiff-necked people, lest I consume you on the way.”
Exo 33:4 And when the people heard this evil word, they mourned, and no one put on his ornaments.
Exo 33:5 And יהוה said to Mosheh, “Say to the children of Yisra’ĕl, ‘You are a stiff-necked people. Should I go up in your midst for one moment I shall consume you. And now, take off your ornaments, and I shall know what to do to you.’ ”
Exo 33:6 So the children of Yisra’ĕl took off their ornaments at Mount Ḥorĕḇ.
Exo 33:7 And Mosheh took his tent and pitched it outside the camp, far from the camp, and called it the Tent of Meeting. And it came to be that everyone who sought יהוה went out to the Tent of Meeting which was outside the camp.
Exo 33:8 And it came to be, whenever Mosheh went out to the Tent, that all the people rose, and each man stood at his tent door and watched Mosheh until he entered the Tent.
Exo 33:9 And it came to be, when Mosheh entered the Tent, that the column of cloud descended and stood at the door of the Tent, and He spoke with Mosheh.
Exo 33:10 And all the people saw the column of cloud standing at the Tent door, and all the people rose and bowed themselves, each one at the door of his tent.
Exo 33:11 Thus יהוה spoke to Mosheh face to face, as a man speaks to his friend. And he would return to the camp, but his servant Yehoshua son of Nun, a young man, did not leave the Tent.
Exo 33:12 And Mosheh said to יהוה, “See, You are saying to me, ‘Bring up this people.’ But You have not made known to me whom You would send with me, though You have said, ‘I know you by name, and you have also found favour in My eyes.’
Exo 33:13 “And now, please, if I have found favour in Your eyes, please show me Your way, and let me know You, so that I find favour in Your eyes. And consider that this nation is Your people.”
Exo 33:14 And He said, “My Presence does go, and I shall give you rest.”
Exo 33:15 And he said to Him, “If Your Presence is not going, do not lead us up from here.
Exo 33:16 “For how then shall it be known that I have found favour in Your eyes, I and Your people, except You go with us? Then we shall be distinguished, I and Your people, from all the people who are upon the face of the earth.”
Exo 33:17 And יהוה said to Mosheh, “Even this word you have spoken I shall do, for you have found favour in My eyes, and I know you by name.”
Exo 33:18 Then he said, “Please, show me Your esteem.”
Exo 33:19 And He said, “I shall cause all My goodness to pass before you, and I shall proclaim the Name of יהוה before you. And I shall favour him whom I favour, and shall have compassion on him whom I have compassion.”
Exo 33:20 But He said, “You are unable to see My face, for no man does see Me and live.”
Exo 33:21 And יהוה said, “See, there is a place with Me! And you shall stand on the rock.
Exo 33:22 “And it shall be, while My esteem passes by, that I shall put you in the cleft of the rock and cover you with My hand while I pass by.
Exo 33:23 “Then I shall take away My hand and you shall see My back, but My face shall not be seen.”
Exo 34:1 And יהוה said to Mosheh, “Cut two tablets of stone like the first ones, and I shall write on these tablets the Words that were on the first tablets which you broke.
Exo 34:2 “And be ready in the morning. Then you shall come up in the morning to Mount Sinai, and present yourself to Me there on the top of the mountain.
Exo 34:3 “And let no man come up with you, and let no man be seen in all the mountain, and let not even the flock or the herd feed in front of that mountain.”
Exo 34:4 And he cut two tablets of stone like the first ones. Then Mosheh rose early in the morning and went up Mount Sinai, as יהוה had commanded him, and he took two tablets of stone in his hand.
Exo 34:5 And יהוה came down in the cloud and stood with him there, and proclaimed the Name, יהוה.
Exo 34:6 And יהוה passed before him and proclaimed, “יהוה, יהוה, an Ěl compassionate and showing favour, patient, and great in kindness and truth,
Exo 34:7 watching over kindness for thousands, forgiving crookedness and transgression and sin, but by no means leaving unpunished1, visiting the crookedness of the fathers upon the children and the children’s children to the third and the fourth generation.” Footnote: 1This is confirmed in Num. 14:18, and in Jer. 30:11.
Exo 34:8 And Mosheh hurried and bowed himself toward the earth, and did obeisance,
Exo 34:9 and said, “If, now, I have found favour in Your eyes, O יהוה, I pray, let יהוה go on in our midst, even though we are a stiff-necked people. And forgive our crookedness and our sin, and take us as Your inheritance.”
Exo 34:10 And He said, “See, I am making a covenant. Before all your people I am going to do wonders such as have not been done in all the earth, nor in any nation. And all the people among whom you are shall see the work of יהוה. For what I am doing with you is awesome.
Exo 34:11 “Guard what I command you today. See, I am driving out from before you the Amorite and the Kenaʽanite and the Ḥittite and the Perizzite and the Ḥiwwite and the Yeḇusite.
Exo 34:12 “Guard yourself, lest you make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land where you are going, lest it be a snare in your midst.
Exo 34:13 “But break down their altars, and smash their pillars, and cut down their Ashĕrim –
Exo 34:14 for you do not bow yourselves to another mighty one, for יהוה, whose Name is jealous, is a jealous Ěl –
Exo 34:15 lest you make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, and they whore after their mighty ones, and slaughter to their mighty ones, and one of them invites you and you eat of his slaughterings,
Exo 34:16 and you take of his daughters for your sons, and his daughters whore after their mighty ones, and make your sons whore after their mighty ones.
Exo 34:17 “Do not make a moulded mighty one for yourselves.
Exo 34:18 “Guard the Festival of Unleavened Bread. For seven days you eat unleavened bread, as I commanded you, in the appointed time of the month of Aḇiḇ, because in the month of Aḇiḇ you came out from Mitsrayim.
Exo 34:19 “Everyone opening the womb is Mine, and every male first-born among your livestock, whether bull or sheep.
Exo 34:20 “But the first-born of a donkey you ransom with a lamb. And if you do not ransom, then you shall break his neck. Every first-born of your sons you shall ransom. And they shall not appear before Me empty-handed.
Exo 34:21 “Six days you work, but on the seventh day you rest – in ploughing time and in harvest you rest.
Exo 34:22 “And perform the Festival of Weeks for yourself, of the first-fruits of wheat harvest, and the Festival of Ingathering at the turn of the year.
Exo 34:23 “Three times in the year all your men are to appear before the Master, יהוה, the Elohim of Yisra’ĕl,
Exo 34:24 for I dispossess nations before you, and shall enlarge your borders, and let no one covet your land when you go up to appear before יהוה your Elohim three times in the year.
Exo 34:25 “Do not offer the blood of My slaughtering with leaven, and do not let the slaughtering of the Festival of the Passover remain until morning.
Exo 34:26 “Bring the first of the first-fruits of your land to the House of יהוה your Elohim. Do not cook a young goat in its mother’s milk.”
And so ends Parashat Ki Tisa – the question remains then “who will be counted worthy by YHVH to enter into His eternal rest forever and ever?” – 2 Cor 2:16.
Mat 19:25 And when His taught ones heard it, they were very astonished, saying, “Who then is able to be saved?”
Mat 19:26 And looking intently יהושע said to them, “With men this is impossible, but with Elohim all is possible.” See also Rom 9:16
Eph 3:20 And to Him who is able to do exceedingly above what we ask or think, according to the power that is working in us,
Eph 3:21 to Him be esteem in the assembly by Messiah יהושע unto all generations, for ever and ever. Amĕn.
The same power that raised our Master from the dead is even at work in our lives today.